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  • 微生物无菌室如何装修设计?
    来源:最新澳门网址大全 浏览: 发布日期:2018-01-15
    无菌室也称接种室,是系统接种、纯化菌种等无菌操作的专用实验室。在微生物工作中,菌种的接种移植是一项主要操作,这项操作的特点就是要保证菌种纯种,防止杂菌的污染。无菌室装修在一般环境的空气中,由于存在许多尘埃和杂菌,很易造成污染。无菌室应根据既经济又科学的原则来设置。其基本要求有以下几点:
    The asepsis room, also known as the inoculation room, is a special laboratory for aseptic operations such as systematic inoculation and purification of bacteria. In the work of microbes, inoculation and transplantation of bacteria is a major operation. The characteristic of this operation is to ensure the pure species of bacteria and prevent the contamination of the bacteria. The asepsis room is decorated in the air of the general environment. Because of the presence of many dust and miscellaneous bacteria, it is easy to cause pollution. The asepsis room should be set up according to the economic and scientific principles. The basic requirements are as follows:
    1、无菌室应有内、外两间,内间是无菌室,外间是缓冲室。房间容积不宜过大,以便于空气灭菌。内间面积2×2.5=5m2,外间面积1×2=2m2,高以2.5m以下为宜,都应有天花板。
    1, the asepsis room should be inside and outside the two, is within the asepsis room, is outside the buffer room. The volume of the room should not be too large to facilitate the sterilization of the air. Within the area of 2 x 2.5 = 5m2, outside the area of 1 x 2 = 2M2, high in 2.5m following the appropriate, should have the ceiling.
    2、内间应当设拉门,以减少空气的波动,门应设在离工作台远的位置上;外间的门好也用拉门,要设在距内间远的位置上。
    2, should set up within the door, in order to reduce the fluctuation of air, the door should be located in the most far away from the position of the worktable; the outer door is best to use sliding door, located in the far distance.
    3、无菌室装修在分隔内间与外间的墙壁或“隔扇”上,应开一个小窗,作接种过程中必要的内外传递物品的通道,以减少人员进出内间的次数,降低污染程度。小窗宽60cm、高40cm、厚30cm,内外都挂对拉的窗扇。
    3, in the decoration inside and outside the asepsis room partition walls or sliding door, should open a window for the transfer of goods and the necessary channel inoculation process, to reduce the number of staff within, to reduce the pollution. The window width 60cm, height 40cm, thickness 30cm, both inside and outside of the window sash pull up.
    4、无菌室容积小而严密,使用一段时间后,室内温度很高,故应设置通气窗。通气窗应设在内室进门处的顶棚上,好为双层结构,外层为百叶窗,内层可用抽板式窗扇。
    4, the asepsis room volume is small and strict, the use of a period of time, indoor temperature is very high, it should be set up ventilation window. The ventilation window should be located on the ceiling of the entrance to the inner room. It is best to be a double layer structure, the outer layer is a shutter, and the inner layer can be used as a sash.
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