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  • 层流净化手术室的布局和设施!
    来源:最新澳门网址大全 浏览: 发布日期:2019-02-09
    1、手术室的位置要求;手术室应设在安静、清洁、便于和相关科室联络的位置。以低平建筑为主的医院,应选择在侧翼,以高层建筑为主体的医院,宜选择主楼的中间层。手术室和其它科室、部门的位置配置原则是,靠近手术科室、血库、影像诊断科、实验诊断科、病理诊断科等,便于工作联系,宜远离锅炉房、修理室、污水污物处理站等,以避免污染,减少噪声。手术间应尽量避免阳光直接照射,以朝北为易,也可采用有色玻璃遮挡,以利于人工照明。手术室的朝向应避开风口,以减少室内尘埃密度和空气污染。通常是集中布置,构成一个相对独立的医疗区,包括手术部分和供应部分。
    1. Operating room location requirements; Operating room should be located in a quiet, clean, easy to communicate with the relevant departments. Hospitals with low-level buildings as the main body should choose hospitals with flanks and high-rise buildings as the main body, and the middle floor of the main building should be selected. Operating room and other departments and departments should be located close to the operating room, blood bank, image diagnosis department, laboratory diagnosis department, pathological diagnosis department, etc., so as to facilitate working contact, and should be far away from boiler room, repair room, sewage treatment station, etc., in order to avoid pollution and reduce noise. Operating room should avoid direct sunshine as far as possible. It is easy to face north. Colored glass can also be used to shield the operation room, so as to facilitate artificial lighting. Operating room orientation should avoid vents in order to reduce indoor dust density and air pollution. Usually it is centralized to form a relatively independent medical area, including the operation part and the supply part.
    层流手术室
    Laminar Flow Operating Room
    2、手术室房间数量的确定;估算用房数量的方法有两种:一是根据手术科室的床位数,按20~25:1的比例确定手术用房数,然后根据手术用房数,确定手术辅助用房、消毒供应用房几其他用房数。二是根据手术的次数来确定手术间的数量。
    2. There are two methods to estimate the number of operating rooms: one is to determine the number of operating rooms according to the number of beds in the operating room and the ratio of 20 to 25:1, and then to determine the number of auxiliary rooms and sterile supply rooms according to the number of operating rooms. The second is to determine the number of operating rooms according to the number of operations.
    3、手术室应设哪些房间  一个完整的手术室包括以下几部分:
    3. What rooms should the operating room have? A complete operating room consists of the following parts:
    ①卫生通过用房:包括换鞋处、更衣室、淋浴间、风淋室等;
    (1) Hygienic room: including shoe changing room, dressing room, shower room, air shower room, etc.
    ②手术用房:包括普通手术间、无菌手术间、层流净化手术间等;
    实验室装修
    (2) Operating room: including general operating room, aseptic operating room, laminar flow cleaning operating room, etc.
    ③手术辅助用房:包括洗手间、麻醉间、复苏间、清创间、石膏间等;
    (3) Surgical auxiliary room: including toilet, anesthesia room, resuscitation room, debridement room, gypsum room, etc.
    ④消毒供应用房:包括消毒问、供应问、器械间、敷料问等;
    (4) Disinfection supply room: including disinfection, supply, equipment room, dressing, etc.
    ⑤实验诊断用房:包括X线、内窥镜、病理、超声等检查室;
    (5) Laboratory diagnostic room: including X-ray, endoscopy, pathology, ultrasound and other examination rooms;
    ⑥教学用房:包括手术观察台、闭路电视示教室等;
    (5) Teaching room: including operation observation station, CCTV classroom, etc.
    ⑦办公用房:包括医护办公室、医护值班室等。
    Office room: including medical and nursing office, medical and nursing duty room, etc.
    手术室净化
    Operating Room Purification
    4、手术室怎样分区  手术室须严格划分为限制区(无菌手术间)、半限制区(污染手术间)和非限制区。三区分隔开的设计有二:一为将限制区与半限制区分设在不同楼层的两部分,这种设计可彻底进行卫生学隔离,但需二套设施,增加工作人员,管理不便;二为在同一楼层的不同段设限制区和非限制区,中间由半限制区过渡,设备共用,这种设计管理较方便。限制区包括无菌手术间、洗手间、无菌室、贮药室等。半限制区包括急诊手术间或污染手术间、器械敷料准备室、麻醉准备室、消毒室。非限制区设更衣室、石膏室、标本间、污物处理间、麻醉复苏室和护士办公室、医护人员休息室、餐厅、手术病人家属休息室等。值班室和护士办公室,应设在入口近处。
    4. How to divide the operating room into three zones: restricted zone (sterile operating room), semi-restricted zone (polluted operating room) and non-restricted zone. The design of the three divisions has two parts: one is to set the restricted zone and the semi-restricted zone in two parts of different floors, which can completely isolate the hygiene, but need two sets of facilities, increase staff and inconvenience in management; the other is to set up the restricted zone and non-restricted zone in different sections of the same floor, which is transitional from the semi-restricted zone in the middle and share the equipment. This kind of design and management is more convenient. Restricted areas include aseptic operating room, toilet, aseptic room, drug storage room, etc. Semi-restricted areas include emergency operation room or contaminated operation room, equipment dressing preparation room, anesthesia preparation room and disinfection room. There are dressing rooms, gypsum rooms, specimen rooms, sewage disposal rooms, anaesthesia and resuscitation rooms, nurses'offices, medical staff lounges, restaurants and family lounges of patients undergoing surgery in the non-restricted areas. Duty rooms and nurses'offices should be located near the entrance.
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