1. Operating room location requirements; Operating room should be located in a quiet, clean, easy to communicate with the relevant departments. Hospitals with low-level buildings as the main body should choose hospitals with flanks and high-rise buildings as the main body, and the middle floor of the main building should be selected. Operating room and other departments and departments should be located close to the operating room, blood bank, image diagnosis department, laboratory diagnosis department, pathological diagnosis department, etc., so as to facilitate working contact, and should be far away from boiler room, repair room, sewage treatment station, etc., in order to avoid pollution and reduce noise. Operating room should avoid direct sunshine as far as possible. It is easy to face north. Colored glass can also be used to shield the operation room, so as to facilitate artificial lighting. Operating room orientation should avoid vents in order to reduce indoor dust density and air pollution. Usually it is centralized to form a relatively independent medical area, including the operation part and the supply part.
Laminar Flow Operating Room
2. There are two methods to estimate the number of operating rooms: one is to determine the number of operating rooms according to the number of beds in the operating room and the ratio of 20 to 25:1, and then to determine the number of auxiliary rooms and sterile supply rooms according to the number of operating rooms. The second is to determine the number of operating rooms according to the number of operations.
3. What rooms should the operating room have? A complete operating room consists of the following parts:
(1) Hygienic room: including shoe changing room, dressing room, shower room, air shower room, etc.
(2) Operating room: including general operating room, aseptic operating room, laminar flow cleaning operating room, etc.
(3) Surgical auxiliary room: including toilet, anesthesia room, resuscitation room, debridement room, gypsum room, etc.
(4) Disinfection supply room: including disinfection, supply, equipment room, dressing, etc.
(5) Laboratory diagnostic room: including X-ray, endoscopy, pathology, ultrasound and other examination rooms;
(5) Teaching room: including operation observation station, CCTV classroom, etc.
Office room: including medical and nursing office, medical and nursing duty room, etc.
Operating Room Purification
4. How to divide the operating room into three zones: restricted zone (sterile operating room), semi-restricted zone (polluted operating room) and non-restricted zone. The design of the three divisions has two parts: one is to set the restricted zone and the semi-restricted zone in two parts of different floors, which can completely isolate the hygiene, but need two sets of facilities, increase staff and inconvenience in management; the other is to set up the restricted zone and non-restricted zone in different sections of the same floor, which is transitional from the semi-restricted zone in the middle and share the equipment. This kind of design and management is more convenient. Restricted areas include aseptic operating room, toilet, aseptic room, drug storage room, etc. Semi-restricted areas include emergency operation room or contaminated operation room, equipment dressing preparation room, anesthesia preparation room and disinfection room. There are dressing rooms, gypsum rooms, specimen rooms, sewage disposal rooms, anaesthesia and resuscitation rooms, nurses'offices, medical staff lounges, restaurants and family lounges of patients undergoing surgery in the non-restricted areas. Duty rooms and nurses'offices should be located near the entrance.