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  • 实验室装修中暖通空调的设计要求!
    来源:最新澳门网址大全 浏览: 发布日期:2019-11-01
      在暖通空调系统的整个生命周期中,方案设计是更关键的环节,它决定了系统后续工作的稳定性和可行性。本文主要讨论高层建筑暖通空调的设计方案。首先,阐述了采暖、通风、空调的内涵及暖通空调的概念。做好设计前的准备工作,总结出一些提高暖通空调设计方案经济性和适用性的建议,并提出一些注意事项。下面小编就来介绍一下暖通空调系统的实验室设计要求。
      In the whole life cycle of HVAC system, scheme design is the most critical link, which determines the stability and feasibility of the follow-up work of the system. This paper mainly discusses the HVAC design of high-rise buildings. First of all, the connotation of heating, ventilation, air conditioning and the concept of HVAC are described. Make preparations before design, summarize some suggestions to improve the economy and applicability of HVAC design scheme, and put forward some precautions. The following small edition will introduce the laboratory design requirements of HVAC system.
      1. 采暖、通风、空调的内涵
      1. Connotation of heating, ventilation and air conditioning
      所谓采暖就是采暖,是指建筑物提供热量,提高室内温度和保持;通风是指将室外新鲜空气、新鲜空气引入室内,将建筑室内空气置换出去,从而提高室内空气质量;而空调则是对建筑室内一定空间的温度和湿度、空气的清洁度和气流速度进行控制、调节,即我们日常的空调。空调系统可以全面控制建筑的湿热环境和空气质量。它包括一些采暖和通风的功能,而hvac是结合这三个空调要求的缩写。
      The so-called heating is heating, which means that buildings provide heat, improve indoor temperature and maintain; ventilation refers to the introduction of outdoor fresh air and fresh air into the room, and the replacement of indoor air in the building, so as to improve indoor air quality; while air conditioning is to control and regulate the temperature and humidity of a certain space in the building, the cleanliness and air flow speed of the air, that is, our daily Regular air conditioning. Air conditioning system can fully control the humid and hot environment and air quality of the building. It includes some heating and ventilation functions, and HVAC is an abbreviation combining these three air conditioning requirements.
      2. 暖通空调设计前的工作内容
      2. Work content before HVAC design
      为了保证暖通空调在制定设计方案前的后续效果,在设计方案前的一些工作不可忽视,以保证设计方案的适用性、经济性和美观性。总体来说,方案设计前的工作主要包括以下几点:
      In order to ensure the follow-up effect of HVAC before making the design scheme, some work before the design scheme can not be ignored to ensure the applicability, economy and aesthetics of the design scheme. Generally speaking, the work before the scheme design mainly includes the following points:
      首先,了解高层建筑在项目总图中的具体位置,确定相邻建筑及周边供热、供水、供电管道的布置,分析可能的接口点。它的主要目的是提供客观条件对建筑暖通空调设计的加热入口,在负荷计算的过程中,选择风、阳光和其他参数也可以作为一个参考,并结合主要入口的方向可以确定大门的实践。
    实验室装修
      First, understand the specific location of high-rise buildings in the general plan of the project, determine the layout of adjacent buildings and surrounding heating, water supply and power supply pipelines, and analyze the possible interface points. Its main purpose is to provide objective conditions for the heating entrance of HVAC design. In the process of load calculation, selecting wind, sunshine and other parameters can also be used as a reference, and combining the direction of the main entrance can determine the practice of the door.
      其次,了解建筑正常情况下的人数、暖通空调系统的使用时间等,了解是否会有废气排放,为负荷计算和系统划分提供参考。
      Secondly, understand the number of people in the building under normal conditions, the use time of HVAC system, etc., and know whether there will be exhaust emissions, so as to provide reference for load calculation and system division.
      第三,高层建筑的数量层,层高和总高度为详细了解整个建筑,建筑高度超过24米的高层建筑,设计方案也应该是指高层建筑火灾的有关规定代码内容。
      Third, the number of floors, storey height and total height of high-rise buildings are for detailed understanding of the whole building. For high-rise buildings with a building height of more than 24 meters, the design scheme should also refer to the relevant code content of high-rise building fire.
      第四,划分防火分区和排烟分区,确定防火墙的具体位置和火灾疏散路线,其主要作用是为后续防排烟系统设计提供参考,确定防火阀的位置。
      Fourth, divide the fire zone and smoke exhaust zone, determine the specific location of the firewall and fire evacuation route, its main role is to provide reference for the follow-up smoke control system design, and determine the location of the fire damper.
      充分了解建筑的结构方案,确定剪力墙的位置,分别了解屋面和外墙的具体做法。
      Fully understand the structural scheme of the building, determine the position of the shear wall, and respectively understand the specific practices of the roof and the external wall.
      第六,选择空调机房的施工位置和冷却塔的位置,进一步明确电源、仪表间、水泵间、热源等关键点的位置。
      Sixth, select the construction location of the air conditioning room and the location of the cooling tower to further clarify the location of key points such as power supply, instrument room, water pump room and heat source.
      如有需要实验室装修,可以点击官网进行咨询:!我们本着质优价廉的宗旨来为您提供产品和服务。真诚期待与您合作!
      If you need to decorate the laboratory, you can click the official website for consultation: ! We are in line with the principle of high quality and low price to provide you with products and services. Sincerely look forward to cooperating with you!
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