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  • 洁净实验室装修方案概述
    来源:最新澳门网址大全 浏览: 发布日期:2019-12-02
      洁净室主要的作用在于控制产品所接触的大气的洁净度及温湿度,使产品能在一个良好的环境空间中生产、制造。
      The main function of the clean room is to control the cleanliness, temperature and humidity of the atmosphere contacted by the products, so that the products can be produced and manufactured in a good environment.
    无菌室装修
      实验室洁净室装修主要是通过应用洁净技术来实现实验室内的灰尘,含菌浓度,压力以及温湿度来达到实验室洁净要求。
      The clean room decoration of the laboratory is mainly through the application of clean technology to achieve the laboratory dust, bacteria concentration, pressure and temperature and humidity to meet the requirements of laboratory cleaning.
      洁净实验室一般实施两级隔离,一级隔离通过生物安全柜、负压隔离器、正压防护服、手套、眼罩等实现;二级隔离通过实验室的建筑、空调净化和电气控制系统来实现。但由于净化空调需要风量小为了安全起见,风量都按大的估算,一般都要超过规范规定,特别是百级以上,冷热负荷在要求不是很严格的情况可能估算,现在专门有净化空调机组,可以直接利用。二级~四级生物安全实验室应实施两级隔离。
      The clean laboratory generally implements two-level isolation, the first level isolation is realized by biosafety cabinet, negative pressure isolator, positive pressure protective clothing, gloves, eye mask, etc.; the second level isolation is realized by the laboratory's building, air conditioning purification and electrical control system. However, due to the small air volume required for purification air conditioning, for the sake of safety, the air volume is estimated based on the large amount, which generally exceeds the specifications, especially for the air volume above level 100. The cold and heat load may be estimated under the condition of not very strict requirements. Now there is a special purification air conditioning unit, which can be directly used. Two levels of isolation shall be carried out for the biosafety laboratories from the second level to the fourth level.
      空气调节系统是洁净实验室安全运行的关键。由于洁净实验室内操作对象是危险性的微生物,对人体、动植物或环境具有危害,必须通过采用合理的空气调节系统,保持洁净实验室的相对负压环境无论何时都不被破坏,以保证实验室内危险性微生物不能向外部环境中扩散。
      Air conditioning system is the key to the safe operation of clean laboratory. Because the operating object in the clean laboratory is dangerous microorganism, which is harmful to human body, animals, plants or environment, it is necessary to adopt a reasonable air conditioning system to keep the relative negative pressure environment of the clean laboratory from being damaged at any time, so as to ensure that the dangerous microorganism in the laboratory cannot spread to the external environment.
      空气调节系统必须可靠运行,采用先进技术,合理利用和节约能源与资源,保证环境的质量和安全,为实验人员提供所需要的温度和湿度,保障生物实验在安全的条件下进行,以确保实验结果的准确性。同时它还必须控制实验室的洁净度,对新风进行过滤,使实验室达到一定的净化要求。其中排风系统是,对于保证实验室相对负压环境和有效过滤室内污染排风起着重要的作用。
      The air conditioning system must operate reliably, adopt advanced technology, reasonably use and save energy and resources, ensure the quality and safety of the environment, provide the required temperature and humidity for the experimental personnel, guarantee the biological experiment to be carried out under safe conditions, and ensure the accuracy of the experimental results. At the same time, it must control the cleanliness of the laboratory, filter the fresh air, and make the laboratory reach certain purification requirements. Among them, the exhaust system is the key, which plays an important role in ensuring the laboratory's relative negative pressure environment and effectively filtering indoor pollution exhaust.
      控制系统是整个洁净实验室安全运行的神经。由于洁净实验室的实验对象是危险性的微生物,出于严格控制污染的原则,它要求以更少的维护人员,运用化的管理维护手段,来实时监控每一个实验室中设备所处的物理环境,保证实验室运行过程中始终处于相对负压环境,防止危险性微生物外泄。
      The control system is the nerve center of the whole clean laboratory. Because the experimental object of clean laboratory is dangerous microorganism, for the principle of strict control of pollution, it requires a minimum of maintenance personnel, using the optimal management and maintenance means, to monitor the physical environment of each laboratory equipment in real time, to ensure that the laboratory is always in a relatively negative pressure environment in the process of operation, to prevent the leakage of dangerous microorganism.
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