Specifically, there are four non-standard phenomena in laboratory design in China, which are: incomplete planning, backward process requirements in civil engineering design, lack of standardized design and lack of attention to adaptive research.
Nonstandard phenomenon 1: incomplete planning
If the location of the laboratory is improper, it will not only affect the surrounding environment, but also affect the laboratory building itself. Therefore, a comprehensive plan must be made before the laboratory design, including the laboratory design planning and construction planning.
Nonstandard phenomenon 2: backward process requirements of civil engineering design
It is reflected in two aspects: 1. There is a big difference between the investment and area restrictions of the approval unit and the actual use; 2. The designer does not have a comprehensive understanding and cognition of the laboratory scientific research process. Among them, the former will seriously affect the scientific research process of the laboratory, and the latter will affect the daily use of the laboratory.
Nonstandard phenomenon 3: lack of standardized design
For the laboratory design, although the state has issued the "design and construction of inspection and testing laboratory" standard, its implementation and implementation is not as simple as expected. After all, the laboratory is a complex building, in addition to the experimental function, there are also functions of research, office, small-scale production and research and development, and different industries have different requirements for the laboratory's civil engineering and equipment.
The design of laboratory must be suitable for two aspects, one is to meet its working characteristics, the other is to meet its technical requirements. Specifically, its design and building standards are higher than ordinary functional buildings, and the requirements of the construction process are more. Before decoration, a large number of professional and technical personnel are required to analyze and summarize in order to get the most suitable design scheme.
Nonstandard phenomenon 4: not paying attention to adaptability research
According to some data, only 32% of the domestic laboratories remain unchanged after decoration, and many laboratories will be reconstructed later, and 20% of the laboratories have been reconstructed more than 5 times, most of which are caused by the neglect of adaptability research.
It can be seen that before the design of the laboratory, we must do a good job in adaptability research, improve the quality of decoration, adopt advanced technology and equipment, and achieve specialization, commercialization and serialization. At the same time, we should pay attention to the design of safety, energy conservation, environmental protection and other aspects to achieve sustainable development at the technical level.
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